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General Limitations


Section 108(a) allows the reproduction of “no more than one copy of a work” subject to certain restrictions:

  1. The reproduction must be made without attempting to gain a commercial advantage.
  2. The library must be “(i) open to the public, or (ii) available not only to researchers affiliated with the library or archives or with the institution of which it is a part, but also to other persons doing research in a specialized field; and”
  3. The reproduction must include a notice of copyright, appearing on the copyright, or on a legend stating that the work may be copyrighted.